IMPORT: Procedure(s)

Any person/company intending to import plants/plant products shall file an application for Permit to Import (BPI Q Form No. 1) with the PQS prior to importation. Importations which require Permit to Import and are subject to inspection

  1. Living plants
  2. Nursery stocks, including vegetative parts thereof used as propagating materials
  3. Seeds nut for planting
  4. Fresh fruits, vegetables, and other plant products, which have been declared as prohibited/restricted imports under Special Quarantine Orders by Virtue of their beingknown hosts of certain plant pests, or because they originate from restricted areas.
  5. Pure cultures of fungi, bacteria, virus, nematodes and other phytopathogenic materials.
  6. Mushroom cultures including spawn
  7. Algae cultures, rhizobial cultures as legume inoculants.
  8. Soil and plant materials for isolation of organism
  9. Other plants cultures
  10. Certain species of animals such as insects, birds, monkeys, reptiles are capable of causing injury to agricultural crops are liable to become agricultural crop pests.
  11. Biocontrol agents and genetically modified organism/materials.
Evaluation of Application Evaluation and pest risk analysis (PRA) shall be conducted prior to the issuance of an import permit.
1. PQS shall conduct PRA based on;

  • List of pest (insects, diseases, nematodes, viruses, weeds) which shall be obtained by PQS from the country of origin as applied for by the importer:
  • Other information gathered from intentional pest data bases, research institutions, scientific publications and personal communication with experts Duration of PRA and action on the application shall depend on theavailability of information for assessingthe risks involved in importing the commodity. Conditions for entry shall be based on the pest present in the country of origin and other phytosanitary measures.

2. For commodities that will require inspection and evaluation of field/growing area the following are conducted:

  • Inspection of the field where the materials will be planted;
  • Make the necessary phytosanitary measures/recommendations required by the PQS
  • Approval of the area by the PQS
  • Sketch location of the growing area to guide the post entry team in monitoring and observing the materials for presence of pests during the growing period.

3. Completed forms shall be assessed and the applicants are advised either to return on a specific date to gate the permit or to submit other requirements, for those who have not fully complied.

4. Importation of potentially hazardous biological and/or genetically modified organisms involved the following:

  • Evaluation, approval and monitoring of the biosafety aspects of the biological researchby the Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)
  • Evaluation, approval and monitoring of the biosafety aspects of the biological researchby the Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)
  • Upon recommendation of the NCBP evaluation of the conditions or entry and issuance of the import permit by the PQS.
Approval of Application for Issuance of Permit to

Upon approval of the application and payment of regulatory fee, the Permit to Import is issued to the applicant importer in four copies: the original shall be given to the Permittee for presentation to the Plant Quarantine officer at the port of entry: the duplicate copy shall be Plant Quarantine of the source country for compliance of the terms and conditions stipulated in the permit: the third copy shall be furnished to the collector of Customs at the port of entry: and the fourth copy shall be filed with the PQS.

Inspection upon Arrival of Commodities

Application for inspection upon arrival

The importer shall file with the PQS a duly accomplished Application for Inspection at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to arrival of the consignment. The following documents shall be submitted:

  1. Phytosanitary Certificate (original FAO/IPPC Model) issued by the PQ of the country of origin;
  2. Permit to Import (original copy) issued by PQS
  3. Bill of lading/airway bill;
  4. Inword cargo manifest and Bureau of Customs (BOC) entry declaration (photocopy)

In the absence of a Permit to Import (IP) or Phytosanitary Certificate (PC), the consignment shall be held under BOC custody or transferred (upon importer's request) to PQS custody until such documents are presented.

In the absence of both IP and PC, the consignment shall either be returned to the country of origin or re-exported to another accepting country or destroyed.

Importation Not Requiring Permit to Import

The following imports maybe allowed to enter the country without securing the Permit to Import. However, they are subject to inspection/verification and prescribed treatment and payment of regulatory fees and charges.

  1. Plant products not governed by any plant quarantine restriction/prohibition and fruits and vegetables in limited quantity and plant products intended for food or animal feed or those for processing or manufacturing purposes.
  2. Properly dried or sterilized, or poisoned botanical specimens or herbaria, provided, free from soil or sand.
  3. Fresh flowers, bouquets and other floral arrangements when free from soil, sand and other prohibited materials.

Pursuant to DA Administrative Order No. 18 series of 2000, all agricultural products shall be covered with Import Clearance (SPSIC prior to importation. The Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) is issuing SPSIC for the importation of plants and planting materials (including seeds) plant products. The applicant shall file application through

Plant Quarantine Certificate is issued to facilitate the entry of plant-based products undergone stringent processing that eliminates or reduce the risk of entry of quarantine pests. Plant Quarantine Certificate is issued to facilitate the importation of plant-based products not capable of harboring pests. Plant products are categorized (ISPM 32) to four (4), those under category 1 and products that are
vacuum-sealed, canned, bottled, etc. does not require SPSIC, thus Plant Quarantine Certificate shall be required.


Before a commodity (plant/plant product) can be imported from a certain country it should first undergo Pest Risk Analysis (PRA)-ISPM 11. It is an international standard Plant Quarantine procedure conducted by the importing country in assessing the risk of entry of any plant/plant product capable of harboring insect pests, plant diseases, and other plant-associated organisms. The result of the PRA will be the basis whether the importation of the commodity will be allowed or not. (List of Allowable Commodities per Country)


Prior to application of PQC for importation of plant products the applicant needs to be accredited first as importer. The company shall submit to the BPI-PQS Central Office the accomplished Application for Accreditation and Accreditation Validation Form together with important documents:

  1. Company Profile
  2. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Registration/Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) Registration/Cooperative Development Authority (CDA) Certificate of Registration
  3. Current Mayor’s Business Permit (as importer)
  4. Bureau of Customs Certificate of Accreditation
  5. Valid Contract/Certificate of Lease of Storage Facility (Cold Storage/Dry Warehouse). Those who owned the facility, submit Title of Land Ownership and Affidavit of facility ownership installed in the area
  6. Location Map of the Storage Facility
  7. Notarized Special Power of Attorney (SPA) of the Representative/s; and
  8. Two (2) 2x2 ID pictures of the owner and representative/s

After completion of the requirements, the company owner (OIC) with his authorized representative/s shall be oriented on the Plant Quarantine laws and regulations, import procedures, and other concerns with regards to importation of plants/plant products. BPI-PQS will also conduct ocular inspection of the applicant’s office and storage facility. After complying with all the procedures the BPI-PQS shall then issue a Certificate of Accreditation (Process Flow for Importer Accreditation).

Please See DA - Administrative Order No. 8 Series 2009
Please See DA - Administrative Order No. 9 Series 2010


Upon arrival of the consignment the importer shall apply for inspection (BPI Q Form No. 4?) at PQS office in the port of entry. The importer shall provide pertinent documents during inspection, sample will also be collected for laboratory analyses..


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Application Form(s)
Date Uploaded
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DA Admin Circular No. 7 Series of 2019.pdf
DA Admin Circular No. 5 Series of 2020 IMPORTATION OF BLUEBERRIES FROM USA.pdf
Memo Order 28 s. 2019.pdf
Phililippine List of Regulated Pests (Initials).pdf
Department Circular No. 18.pdf
Importer (s)
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